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The 1920 United States Census


The 1920 census was the 14th census taken by the United States government, which is required to conduct a census every 10 years. The 1920 census was the only census to be taken on January 1. Prior census dates were early August (1790–1820), early June (1830–1900), and April 15 (1910). After 1920, the census date became April 1.

In 1920, the United States—along with other nations—was still reeling from recent global events. More than 4 million United States troops had served in the Great War (1914–1918), and over 116,000 didn’t come home. Others returned with physical and emotional wounds that lingered for years. The lives of millions of women were transformed.