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1930 United States Census Records: A Research Guide


The 1930 census was the 15th federal census taken by the United States, which has taken a census each decade since 1790. The census records included the 48 states then in the United States as well as Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Panama Canal Zone, the Virgin Islands, and Washington, D.C. 

The 1930 census day was April 1. Sadly, the stock market had crashed just six months before, and the nation was in the depths of the Great Depression

Four new questions included the value of the home or how much was paid in rent, the age at the time of the first marriage, which (if any) war did a person participate in, and whether the occupants of the home owned a radio.

For the first time, servicemen were not recorded with their families. Instead, they were treated as residents of their duty stations.

It is interesting to note that the 1930 census is the last census that asked people whether they could read or write.